How to Revise and Edit an Essay in 7 Steps: Detailed Guide

Mike Russel
Essay editing and proofreading
Schematic outline of a student essay

Most students have trouble writing an essay. Imagine that you have already spent a lot of time researching, planning, and writing your essay  —  then, you have to do it all over again. It’s not easy to get a detailed overview of your work. Mistakes you may have made the first time suddenly appear before your eyes. But don’t worry! By following these 7 basic steps, you can edit an essay faster and more efficiently while still finding problems and improving the overall quality of your work. Read on to learn step-by-step how to expertly review and edit essays.

Requirements Of A Good Essay

Improve my essay guide
Two schematic examples of essays

An A-grade essay is made up of many different elements, and it’s important to know what they’re before you start writing.


Research is an important part of any essay. Whether you are writing about history or science, you must do your due diligence. Researching your topic thoroughly before you attempt to write about it will help you ensure that the information in your essay is accurate and up-to-date. It will also assist you in supporting your arguments and points of view, as you will have access to more sources and information.


Once you have completed all of your research, it is time to put your thoughts into an organized structure for your essay. This includes creating a cohesive introduction, paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction should include a summary of the essay topic. Each paragraph of the body should focus on a single point or argument in support of the main thesis. Finally, the conclusion should summarize the ideas raised throughout the essay. Provide a solution or insight into the problem posed.


Once you have gathered your information and organized your ideas into logical sections, it is time to write an outline for your essay. The outline will guide you as you write. It will give you a structure so you do not get lost, and it will show you what topics you need to do further research on so that the final draft is well-crafted. Take time to plan each area carefully. When it comes time to write, it will be much easier for you (or your fingers on the keyboard).

Clarity and style 

Pay attention not only to the outline and structure but also to make sure your essay is clear and concise. Use active rather than passive verbs when possible to make your text more interesting to readers. Avoid wordy sentences or unnecessary jargon; instead, focus on simple language that conveys meaning effectively. Also, avoid words like “I think” or “in my opinion.” After all, you want to convince readers that your point of view is correct.

Citations and sources 

Be sure to properly cite all sources used in your essay according to the format you use (e.g., MLA or APA). Not only will this help support your point, but it will also help readers know where you got your information. Also, make sure that all sources you cite are credible; otherwise, this could affect you and your entire argument!

The Importance Of Editing Your Paper

How to revise and edit an essay
How to edit your essay competently

One of the most important benefits of essay editing and proofreading is that it helps to improve the overall quality of the essay. Careful editing and proofreading can reveal errors that may have gone unnoticed during the writing process. These include spelling errors, grammatical errors, poor punctuation, and other flaws that, if left uncorrected, can affect the grade. Proofreading an essay will also help you ensure that all of your ideas are appropriately supported and that your writing conveys them.

Another benefit of correcting your essay is that you can improve your arguments by adding context or evidence to support them. After spending some time away from your essay, you may come up with new ideas to improve it. This is where careful essay comes into play. It allows you to review what you’ve written and make the necessary adjustments without having to start from scratch.

Finally, editing an essay allows for creative expression and personalization. Academic papers, as we know, must be formal, but they need not be dry or uninteresting. With intelligent language and thoughtful phrasing, you can bring your essay to life. Without exceeding the parameters set by academic standards. This way, not only will your professor appreciate the time and work you put into your essay, but readers will enjoy reading it as well.

7 Tips For Editing Your Essay

7 tips for editing
An image of a man with a pencil

1. Read your essay aloud 

The first step on how to edit an essay should always be reading it aloud. Reading the essay aloud makes it easier to spot errors such as incorrect word usage, missing words, or typos. This way, you can also spot parts that seem clumsy or awkward when you read aloud. Something you may not notice when reading in your head. If something doesn’t sound right when you read it aloud, it’s probably misspelled.

2. Check for spelling and grammar mistakes 

Spelling and grammatical errors may seem insignificant, but if there are too many, they can affect the quality of the essay. Therefore, before you submit your paper, you should check it thoroughly for these types of errors. Fortunately, there are several programs on the Internet (e.g. Grammarly) that can help you identify such errors quickly and effectively.

3. Make sure your facts are accurate 

The third stage of writing is to check all the data and statistics before incorporating them into the paper. Otherwise, you run the risk of getting a paper full of incorrect data. Also, make sure that all sources in your paper are properly cited and referenced. Any source used will be ignored by the reader if it is not properly cited (or by the professor).

4. Eliminate wordiness and repetition

A typical mistake in essay writing is to use too many words that do not add value to the text. It is important to eliminate unnecessary words so that the essay is concise and to the point. Also, too many words make it difficult for the reader to understand what is being said. Try reading your essay aloud. If a sentence seems awkward or does not flow well, rewrite it in a simpler form.

5. Ensure logical flow throughout the essay 

Another critical phase of writing is to ensure the logical flow of the paper. After you have deleted words, reread the essay to make sure the ideas flow in a logical order. By creating smooth transitions between sentences and paragraphs, you help readers understand what you are trying to express. It also helps the content flow cohesively. This way, each concept builds on the previous one, rather than randomly jumping from one concept to another.

6. Check for proper formatting 

The 6th step in proofreading an essay should always be to check for proper formatting. Check that margins are consistent and that font size and type are consistent. All headings are properly formatted according to your instructor’s requirements (if applicable). Proper formatting provides a professional appearance. This will most likely surprise your professor or reader when they review your paper.

7. Ask someone else to read it over

Another approach to editing and proofreading an essay is to ask another person who knows the subject or is familiar with proper writing methods to read it. This person can provide helpful criticism to find places in the essay that need improvement. This person can suggest better methods of explaining a concept or alternative word choices that will improve the overall impact of the essay.

How To Beef Up Your Essay With Word Choice

How to create an engaging essay
Word choice can beef up your essay

A good essay is more than just facts and data: it should be interesting and entertaining. With the right word choice, you can make your essay stand out from the crowd and demonstrate your unique writing skills.

The Power of Synonyms 

Choose precise words 

Precision is required when choosing words for your essay. Instead of using “filler” words like “nice” or “good,” choose words with a more precise meaning. For example, if you want to characterize someone as friendly, you might use words like sympathetic, attentive, generous, or benevolent. These adjectives paint a much more vivid picture in the reader’s mind than simply stating that the person is likable.

Use descriptive language 

When writing essays, descriptive language not only helps create strong images in the minds of your readers but also helps them understand what you are trying to convey. Strive for clear explanations wherever possible, using adjectives that evoke emotion and powerfully express what you intend. For example, instead of describing something as “big,” try describing it as “expansive” or “sprawling.” This can help readers understand what you are trying to express, while also making your essay more interesting to read.

Appeal To The Senses 

When we read, we want our senses to be engaged – this makes reading more enjoyable and effective.

Create emotion  

Emotional speech can have a powerful effect on your audience. Depending on the feeling you want to evoke in your reader, you can use positive or negative words. For example, words like “unwavering courage” or “fearless spirit” can be used to describe someone of strong and determined character, while phrases like “timid attitude” or “hesitant demeanor” could be used to describe someone of weak and determined character. The choice you make will affect the tone and feel of your essay.

Use metaphors and similes 

Metaphors and similes allow you to creatively relate one object to another. They can be used to evoke emotion or to add depth and complexity to your work. Instead of simply saying, “She was extremely sad,” try instead “Her heart was as heavy as lead. “This helps readers form a picture in their minds while better understanding the depth of her feelings.

How To Add Words To An Essay

How to add words to an essay
How to make essays look longer

Research and cite sources 

Citing from credible sources is an excellent way to make your text seem longer. Adding quotes or illustrations from other credible works or sources can make your work more interesting and engaging. It’s also an excellent opportunity to demonstrate your understanding of the topic, which is always a highlight! Just be sure to properly credit all sources, or you may end up with more than a higher word count.

Get detailed in your descriptions 

If you are having trouble sticking to the word limit, examine each sentence of your essay thoroughly. ask yourself, “Can I expand it and add more?” This is especially helpful if you are describing people or places in great detail. Adding more adjectives, adverbs, and other descriptive words can break up even the most monotonous descriptions. So take your time and research the topic you are writing about. This will help you increase the word count while maintaining quality.

Add some examples 

The inclusion of examples also gives the reader something concrete. Instead of reading dry facts or viewpoints, they can identify with them. Examples help readers understand what you are trying to express. They also support the arguments you make in your essay. For example, if you are writing about climate change, you should include some real-world examples. Global examples include rising sea levels and severe weather caused by global warming. This way, you can provide context while increasing the overall length of the essay.


Editing is an important element in creating a proper document as it ensures that all your ideas flow properly. The document is free of errors. If you make an effort to break the process into smaller parts, you can simplify it. Before you start writing the essay, first familiarize yourself with the topic. Then read through each part individually, looking for errors or passages that need explanation. With enough practice, you’ll soon be a pro at editing.

Mike Russel

Latest Stories

Here’s what we've been up to recently.

This site uses cookies